Syria Soybean Import: Ukraine Progresses Slowly


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Sep 28, 2023 | Agricultural Markets News

Reading time: 2 minutes

Soybeans, often deemed the “golden beans,” have found their way into various corners of the world. One such destination that has seen considerable fluctuations in soybean trade in 2023 is Syria. But what drives these changes in the Syria soybean landscape? Let’s venture deeper.

Understanding the Syrian Soybean Conundrum

In a world where the supply chain is increasingly interconnected, why has Syria, a country with vast agricultural potential, pivoted towards soybean imports? Several reasons come into play.

First, the ongoing aftermath of civil unrest in Syria has led to significant agricultural disruptions. With vast acres of agricultural land left untended or destroyed, Syria’s self-sufficiency in many crops, including soybeans, has waned. This situation has left a void that imports have naturally filled.

Climate’s Role in the Soybean Trade

Agriculture is a game where Mother Nature holds the most crucial cards. In 2023, the erratic weather patterns—ranging from unseasonal rains to prolonged droughts—have affected Syria’s soybean yield. Would you believe that just a few degrees of temperature variance can impede the growth of a soybean pod?

This leads us to an essential question: Can Syria, with its current climatic challenges, ever return to its former soybean glory? The answer, as with many things in life, is complex.

According to AgFlow data, Syria imported 4,186 tons of Soybean from Ukraine in Jan 2023. In 2021, Syria imported Soybeans worth $2.38 million, becoming the 94th largest importer of Soybeans in the world. At the same year, Soybeans was the 239th most imported product in Syria. Syria imports Soybeans primarily from: Turkey ($2.26 million) and the United Arab Emirates ($126k).
The most of Soybean production is concentrated in Aleppo region (33% of total corn production), followed by Idlib (26% of total corn production), Al Aasakah (13% of total corn production), Hamah (10% of total corn production), and Hims (7% of total corn production).

Tradeoffs in the Soybean Market

Every decision in the soybean trade has its tradeoffs. For Syria, the reliance on imports means they’re at the mercy of global soybean prices. When prices soar, it hits the Syrian economy and its citizens’ pockets. On the other hand, focusing on reviving domestic soybean cultivation would require significant investments in terms of resources, technology, and time.

Consider this analogy: It’s akin to balancing on a seesaw. On one end, you have the immediate need for soybeans to support the population, and on the other, the long-term vision of agricultural self-sufficiency. How does Syria strike this balance?

Challenges Ahead

Syria’s approach to tackling its soybean quandary must be multifaceted. The nation needs to rejuvenate its agricultural practices, invest in sustainable farming technologies, and possibly look into genetically modified soybeans that can withstand its current climatic adversities.

However, there’s another layer to this for professionals in the agricultural commodity industry. The global soybean market has its own set of dynamics. The soybean trade isn’t just about production and demand; it’s also about the geopolitics of trade partners, global policies, and international relations.


As we traverse the vast expanse of the Syrian soybean narrative, one thing is clear: Syria’s soybean journey in 2023 is far from simplistic. It’s a tapestry woven with threads of geopolitics, climate change, and economic considerations. And while the path ahead seems strewn with challenges, with the right interventions, strategy, and international cooperation, Syria might just sow the seeds of its soybean resurgence. After all, in the world of trade and agriculture, change is the only constant, isn’t it?

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