Swedish Wheat Mostly lands in Spain and Algeria
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Swedish total grain harvest was forecast at 5.5 million tons for 2022. That is 11% higher than the previous year’s harvest but lower than three of the last five crops from 2017-2021. Last year’s total grain harvest was expected to be higher compared to 2021 is mainly explained by the fact that the yield per hectare for all grain crops is expected to be higher this year compared to 2021.
Winter Wheat harvest is estimated at 3.0 million tons, an increase of 3% compared to 2021. The increasing yield per hectare makes up for the decrease in cultivated area. Winter Wheat is expected to account for 54% of the total grain harvest. That is 10% higher than the 2017-2021 average and a 3% increase over the previous year’s winter Wheat harvest.
The second largest share of the grain harvest is accounted for by spring Barley with 23%, which corresponds to 1.2 million tons. That’s a 34% increase over 2021 but about the same as the average for the past five years. Oats are expected to increase by 18% compared to the previous year to 0.7 million tons. The total yield for Spring Rye Wheat is expected to have the most significant percentage increase of the grain crops, increasing by 48% compared to 2021. This is due to both acreage and hectare yields rising. Spring rye is also a minor cereal crop in the forecast, making up 0.1% of the total grain crop.
Winter Wheat is the cereal crop expected to have the largest hectare yield in 2022. It is forecast to be 7,040 kg/ha, which is a 4% increase compared to the 2017-2021 average and a 7% increase compared to 2021. All cereal crops are expected to have a higher yield per hectare last year than the previous year. Spring cereals are expected to have the most significant year-over-year increase of 28%. Mixed grain is the cereal crop with the lowest yield per hectare for 2022, with 3,260 kg/ha.
Wheat accounts for about 18% and 20% of the world’s carbohydrate and protein consumption, respectively. In Sweden, around 15% of the arable land is used for Wheat production. Wheat is common in southern Sweden, while Barley and oat are more important further north. Barley and oat are grown primarily for animal feed, especially pigs and poultry. The Central Swedish lowland is the traditional center of agriculture in Sweden.
In 2017, the output was 3.3 million tons from 471,000 ha.
According to the USDA, Swedish Wheat output was 3 million tons in MY 2021/22, which is forecast to reach 3.3 million tons in MY 2022/23. Most Swedish Wheat is processed into flour and used for bread, pasta, breakfast cereals, or animal feed. In addition, Wheat that is of non-food/feed grade can also be used for biofuel, as well as for the production of bio-plastic materials of various types.
Swedish Wheat Trade
In 2020, Sweden exported Wheat for $245 million, making it the 18th largest Wheat exporter in the world. In the same year, Wheat was Sweden’s 133rd most exported product. The leading destination of Wheat exports from Sweden is Spain ($52.3 million), Algeria ($48.4 million), Germany ($26.8 million), the United Kingdom ($22.3 million), and Denmark ($19.4 million).
That year, Sweden imported Wheat for $11.8 million, becoming the 135th most significant importer of Wheat in the world. In the same year, Wheat was Sweden’s 732nd most imported product. Sweden imports Wheat primarily from: France ($5 million), Germany ($3.87 million), Denmark ($1.6 million), Poland ($792k), and the Netherlands ($143k).
Other sources: JORDBRUKSVERKET
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