Sri Lanka Wheat Import: Australia Chases Romania


Talk to our team about AgFlow's offering  →

Sep 23, 2023 | Agricultural Markets News

Reading time: 2 minutes

In the vast tapestry of global trade, few threads are as essential as food commodities. Among these, wheat stands out as a staple grain, feeding billions. But how does a nation like Sri Lanka, with its unique geographical and economic profile, navigate the complexities of wheat imports? Let’s delve into the intricacies of Sri Lanka’s wheat trade from January to August 2023.

Why Sri Lanka and Wheat?

First, a rhetorical question: Why is wheat so pivotal for Sri Lanka? The answer lies in the nation’s dietary habits and its agricultural landscape. While rice is the primary staple, wheat-based products like bread and noodles have become increasingly popular. Yet, the island’s tropical climate isn’t the most conducive for large-scale wheat farming. This creates a demand-supply gap, making imports essential.

The Balancing Act of 2023

The year 2023 has been a tightrope walk for Sri Lanka in terms of wheat imports. On one side of this balance is the cost. With global wheat prices fluctuating due to climate change and geopolitical tensions, how does Sri Lanka ensure affordability for its citizens?

On the other side is quality. Wheat isn’t just wheat. There are various strains, each with its unique nutritional profile and suitability for different products. Ensuring the right mix is crucial for both health and industry needs.

According to AgFlow data, Sri Lanka imported 0.25 million tons of Wheat from Romania in Jan – Aug 2023, followed by Australia (0.12 million tons), Ukraine (0.1 million tons), and the United States (55,000 tons). Total imports hit 0.53 million tons in Jan – Aug 2023. Sri Lanka was purchasing large amounts of Wheat from these countries per month. Average volume of shipments was 48,384 tons and 11 shipments were recorded during Jan – Aug.

Sri Lanka Wheat Import: Australia Chases Romania

Sri Lanka’s Ministry of Health recently introduced the Food (Refined Wheat Flour Fortification) Regulations (2022). The new regulations regulate the folic acid and iron fortification requirements of refined wheat flour for retail sale for domestic consumption and bread manufacturing effective January 1, 2024.

Trade-offs and Challenges

But here’s the crux: Balancing cost and quality isn’t straightforward. Imagine a seesaw. On one end, you have premium-quality wheat at higher prices. On the other, more affordable but perhaps less nutritious options. The challenge for Sri Lanka is to keep this seesaw level.

Moreover, the global supply chain disruptions in 2023, stemming from factors like shipping delays and labor shortages, have added another layer of complexity. How does a nation ensure a steady supply when the very channels of this supply are clogged?

The Road Ahead

Is there a silver bullet solution? Sadly, no. But by diversifying import sources, investing in storage infrastructure, and fostering public-private partnerships, Sri Lanka can mitigate some of these challenges.

Consider this analogy: Navigating the wheat trade is like sailing in turbulent waters. While the sea’s unpredictability is a given, a skilled sailor — or, in this case, a strategic trade policy — can ensure the ship reaches its destination.


The story of Sri Lanka’s wheat trade in 2023 is emblematic of the broader challenges many nations face in an interconnected yet unpredictable global economy. It’s a tale of a balancing act, trade-offs, and resilience. As the world continues to evolve, so will the dynamics of this trade. But one thing remains certain: the importance of wheat to Sri Lanka and the nation’s determination to ensure its steady supply.

Try AgFlow Free

Access Free On Updates for Corn, Wheat, Soybean,
Barley, and Sunflower Oil.

No Credit Card Required & Unlimited Access In Time