Slovenia Wheat: Balanced Trade Value
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Slovenia recorded an excellent yield of most stubble cereals in 2021. The total output of Wheat and spelt was around 154,500 tons, which is 2% less than in the previous year due to being sown in a smaller area (by 2%). The average yield of Wheat was 5.8 tons per hectare, 14% higher than the 10-year average. Spelt was sown on over 700 hectares, producing around 1,800 tons of spelt seeds. The average yield of spelt was similar to that in 2020 (2.6 tons per hectare). Rye and maslin (mixed sowing of rye and Wheat) were sown on a smaller area than in the previous year, namely on 640 hectares which means a 24% decline from a year earlier. The average yield (4.0 tons per hectare) was also lower (by 2%) than in 2020.
Slovenia satisfies about 70% of its Wheat demand through its production. Still, growers need a guarantee that their Wheat will be purchased at market prices, the president of the Slovenian Chamber of Agriculture and Forestry, Roman Zveglic, said. The harvest of fodder Grains was also assessed as suitable. Average yields were slightly lower but still well above average per hectare in the last 10-year period. Corn for Grain was sown in a slightly larger area than in 2020 (by 4.0%), but it yielded worse (by 13%) compared to the exceptional harvest a year before. The total output of Corn for Grain was almost 389,000 tons. The average yield of 9.4 tons per hectare is 10% above the 10-year average.
The trend of increasing areas sown with Barley, occurring in the last five years, has slowed down. In 2021, Slovenia recorded a smaller sown area than a year before (by 2%). In 2021 Barley was planted on almost 21,900 hectares and yielded great. In this area, over 119,000 tons of barely were produced, with a yield of 5.4 tons per hectare. The harvests of triticale and oats were plentiful and comparable to the one a year ago. The area sown with triticale was smaller, namely by 8%. The average 5.1 tons per hectare yield exceeded the last 10-year average by 13%. Oats were sown on almost 1,200 hectares, which yielded 4,120 tons of oat seeds.
The area sown with Oil crops, the dominant industrial crops in Slovenia, extended over almost 9,900 hectares, about as much as in 2020. In nearly half of this area pumpkins for Oil were grown, and we produced around 2,500 tons of dry pumpkin seeds or 10% less on an annual level. The area sown with Oil rape was almost 15% smaller than the previous year. Therefore, the total production decreased by 19%, weighing around 6,900 tons. The area sown with soybean increased again by 16%. Due to a slightly worse harvest, the total output of soybean was smaller by 4%, amounting to over 4,800 tons. The average yield of 2.5 tons per hectare was also smaller (by 19%).
Slovenian Wheat Trade
More than half of Slovenia’s Wheat imports originate in Hungary. In 2021, Slovenia imported 60,135 tons of Wheat from Hungary, 35,650 tons from Croatia, 18,207 tons from Austria, and 1,752 tons from Serbia. In 2020, Slovenia purchased Wheat worth $23.8 million, becoming the 117th most significant Wheat importer in the world. In the same year, Wheat was Slovenia’s 310th most imported product. Slovenia imports Wheat primarily from: Hungary ($14.5 million), Croatia ($5 million), Austria ($3 million), Slovakia ($1 million), and Czechia ($164k). In terms of export, Slovenia shipped Wheat worth $21.3 million, mainly to Italy (17.7 million).
Other sources: STAT SI
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