The UK Ships Barley to Algeria


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Sep 26, 2023 | Agricultural Markets News

Reading time: 2 minutes

Algeria, known for its diverse agricultural landscape, has seen significant developments in its barley trade and imports during the first eight months of 2023. This article delves into the key factors shaping this trade, highlighting the complex interplay of variables related to Algeria and the barley market. To offer a comprehensive view, we will explore the trade-offs, challenges, and strategies in play while maintaining an objective, informative, and formal tone.

According to AgFlow data, Algeria imported 61,158 tons of Barley from Germany in Jan – July 2023, followed by Romania (37,770 tons) and the United Kingdom (29,000 tons). Total imports hit 0.13 million tons in Jan – July 2023. Algeria is expected to produce 1.2 million tons of barley for 2022-23, an improvement over last year’s drought-impacted crop, though area harvested remains flat, according to a Global Agricultural Information Network report from the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). With 1.95 million tons of barley consumption, the grain mainly is used for animal feed with a small portion used for bread and couscous for human consumption.

The UK Ships Barley to Algeria

Algeria Barley Landscape

  1. Algeria’s Agricultural Landscape

Algeria boasts a substantial agricultural sector, contributing significantly to its economy. The country’s geographic diversity allows for various crops to thrive, including barley. However, despite its capacity for barley cultivation, Algeria remains a net importer due to its increasing demand for livestock feed and malt production.

  1. Barley Imports Surge

The first eight months of 2023 witnessed a notable surge in Algeria’s barley imports. This uptick can be attributed to several factors:

  • Domestic Demand: The demand for barley in Algeria is driven by its use as a primary component in animal feed. The livestock industry, particularly poultry and cattle farming, relies heavily on barley-based feed formulations.
  • Malt Production: The brewing industry also contributes to barley imports, with a growing market for beer and malted beverages in Algeria.
  • Climatic Challenges: Erratic weather patterns and periodic droughts have hindered domestic barley production, forcing Algeria to augment its supply through imports.
  1. Global Barley Market Dynamics

To understand Algeria’s barley trade, one must also consider the global barley market. Several factors have influenced prices and availability:

  • International Supply and Demand: Changes in barley production worldwide affect global prices and Algeria’s import costs. Major barley-exporting countries, such as Australia, Canada, and Russia, have faced their own challenges, impacting their exports.
  • Currency Exchange Rates: Fluctuations in currency exchange rates can impact the cost of importing barley, leading to price volatility.
  • Trade Agreements: Trade agreements and tariffs have a substantial influence on Algeria’s sourcing decisions. Algeria’s membership in the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) has opened new avenues for barley imports from African nations.
  1. Balancing Act: Challenges and Strategies

Balancing Algeria’s domestic agricultural production with imports is a multifaceted challenge:

  • Food Security: While importing barley meets short-term demands, Algeria must also focus on enhancing its domestic production to ensure long-term food security.
  • Price Stability: Achieving stable barley prices is essential for the livestock and brewing industries. Careful negotiation with suppliers and strategic stockpiling can mitigate price fluctuations.
  • Quality Assurance: Algeria’s import strategy must prioritize the quality of imported barley to meet the specific needs of its industries. Stringent quality control measures and supplier assessments are critical.
  1. The Road Ahead

As we navigate through the rest of 2023, Algeria’s barley trade and imports will continue to evolve. The nation’s agricultural policies, climate conditions, and international trade dynamics will play pivotal roles in shaping this sector. Striking the right balance between domestic production and imports will remain a central challenge for Algeria.


In conclusion, the first eight months of 2023 have seen Algeria’s barley trade and imports surging due to a growing demand for livestock feed and malt production. Factors like global market dynamics, exchange rates, and trade agreements have added complexity to this trade. Algeria faces the challenge of balancing its domestic agricultural production with imports to ensure both short-term needs and long-term food security. By carefully navigating these challenges and adapting to the evolving market, Algeria can secure a prosperous future for its barley trade.

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