South Korea – 3rd Largest Market for US Sunseeds Oil Exports
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According to the USDA, the United States Sunflower production in 2022 totaled 2.81 billion pounds — an increase of 48% from the 1.9 billion pounds in 2021. At 2.57 billion pounds, production of Oil-type Sunflower was up 48% from the prior year’s crop, while at 240.7 million pounds, the 2022 confection crop was 44% higher than in 2021.
North Dakota regained its top spot among states in 2022, harvesting 1.34 billion pounds of Sunflower. That was 76% higher than in 2021. South Dakota, the 2021 leader, came in at 1.08 billion pounds, a 32% hike from the prior year. The most significant percentage increase occurred in Minnesota, where 2022 Sunflower production totaled 174.7 million pounds, 86% higher than 2021. The only surveyed states where 2022 production ranked lower than that of 2021 were California (39% less), Colorado (34% less) and Kansas (13% less).
The average yield among Oil-type Sunflower acres in 2022 was 1,739 pounds per acre — 214 pounds more than the 2021 average. Minnesota led at 2,370 pounds per acre, followed by North Dakota (1,900 pounds) and South Dakota (1,740 pounds).
Analysis of the Oil-type Sunflower Seeds samples indicated an average Oil content of 44.3%, virtually identical to the 2021 average of 44.4%. The 73.85% oleic average of 2022 NuSun® (midoleic) samples was well above 2021’s mid-oleic average of 68.41%.
Based on intended acreage and using a trend yield, Oil-type Sunflower production may decline to 2 billion pounds in 2023, down 22% from last year. Seeds stocks were ample at the beginning of March and will give crushers some cushion next year if 2023 production turns out as expected.
Non-Oil varieties are expected to increase production, with estimated acres up 10% from last year at 158,000. Assuming trend yields, the 2023 output of non-Oil-type Sunflower are expected to result in increased export sales opportunities.
In the current marketing year, the domestic crush of Sunflower is expected to increase to 1.32 billion pounds. Domestic Sunflower Oil consumption will continue to rise and reach 735 million pounds in 2022-23, with exports of Sunflower Oil predicted to be 100 million pounds. Meal usage is expected to expand to 694 million pounds.
Sunseeds and Derivatives Exports in the US
Exports of Sunflower Seeds, which includes confection in-shell Seeds and kernel, are expected to increase by 10% from 109 million to 120 million pounds, continuing the rebound in demand of the past two years.) According to AgFlow data, the US shipped 3,453 tons of Sunseeds to Mexico in July – August 2023.
U.S. Sunflower Oil exporters can deliver three types of Sunflower Oil: NuSun®, Linoleic, and High Oleic. NuSun® is a midrange oleic, 55%-75% (monounsaturated) Sunflower Oil. It needs no hydrogenation and has a 9% saturated fat level. NuSun® is highly functional for frying applications and has a good balance of linoleic acid — an essential fatty acid that enhances products’ taste.
Linoleic Sunflower Oil has about 69% polyunsaturated fat, 20% monounsaturated fat, and 11% saturated fat. Linoleic Sunflower is an excellent cooking Oil with a neutral taste. This enhances the taste of food rather than overpowering it.
High-Oleic Sunflower Oil has 80% or more oleic (monounsaturated) acid. This unique Oil has many specialty applications. In 2021/2022, Canada was the top destination of US Sunflower Oil exports with 40,498 tons, followed by Mexico (7,268 tons), South Korea (3,828 tons), Taiwan (815 tons), the Netherlands (594 tons), and Japan (509 tons
Most U.S. Sunflower Meal produced is utilized within the United States as an ingredient for the domestic livestock feeding industry, although some U.S. Sunflower Meal is exported.
Other Sources: FARM PROGRESS
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