Russia – 3rd Largest Exporter of Rapeseed Oil in the World
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In 2019, according to the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation, it amounted to 1,547.5 thousand hectares, with most of it accounted for spring Rapeseed, the area of which reached 1,356.7 thousand hectares, while the winter crop was only 191 thousand hectares. In 2011-2019, the sown area increased due to the expansion of spring Rapeseed by 639 thousand hectares (89.1%), and the increase in winter Rapeseed was 15 thousand hectares (8.4%).
The sown area on average in the country in the studied series of years underwent significant changes from year to year. The maximum sowing areas of spring Rapeseed were in 2018-2019. – 1,386.8 thousand hectares and 1,356.7 thousand hectares, the minimum in 2011 – 717.58 thousand hectares. Analyzing the dynamics of sown areas by federal districts of the Russian Federation, it can be noted that in 2019 the largest share of all Rapeseed crops in Russia fell on the Siberian Federal District (SFD) – 44.0% (680 thousand hectares).
The Central Federal District (CFD), with an area of 317.3 thousand hectares, ranked second in the country. Rapeseed crops in the Siberian Federal District are 2.1 times higher than those in the Central Federal District. Among the regions of the Siberian Federal District, the Altai Territory occupies the leading position, where 186 thousand hectares (12.0%) were sown in 2019. The Kemerovo region took sixth place with a sowing area of 74.1 thousand hectares, which is 4.8%.
Over the years of research on the territory of the Russian Federation (2011-2019), the gross harvest also changed significantly. It has been established that the gross harvest of spring Rapeseeds is 3.7 times higher than that of winter Rapeseed. An annual increase in the gross harvest of Rapeseed was revealed. Its value varied from 854 thousand tons to 1,662 thousand tons, averaging 1,337.8 thousand hectares.
The maximum increase in the gross harvest of Rapeseed seeds was observed in 2018-2019; during this period, there was an increase in the sown area and yield of this crop. The minimum is 2011, 2012, and 2015. Such fluctuations occurred due to decreased yields in these years and sown areas allotted for Rapeseed.
On 18 March 2023, the Government of Russia issued Decree No. 420, imposing a temporary ban on the export of Rapeseed classified under HS codes 1205.10.900.0 and HS 1205.90.000.9. The prohibition will be in force until 31 August 2023. The ban does not apply to exports within the Eurasian Economic Union, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia. Previously, in March 2022, the Government of Russia imposed a similar restriction on Rapeseed exports that was in force between 1 April 2022 and 1 February 2023.
Rapeseed and Rapeseed Oil Trade in Russia
According to the AgFlow data, Russia exported 6,007 tons of Rapeseed to Israel in Jan-Apr 2023, followed by Turkey (2,951 tons). in 2021, Russia exported Rapeseed Oil worth $973 million, making it the 3rd largest exporter of Rapeseed Oil in the world. In the same year, Rapeseed Oil was Russia’s 51st most exported product. The leading destination of Rapeseed Oil exports from Russia is China ($394 million), Norway ($366 million), Latvia ($74.9 million), Lithuania ($61.3 million), and Denmark ($26.8 million). The fastest-growing export markets for Rapeseed Oil in Russia between 2020 and 2021 were Norway ($187 million), China ($143 million), and Lithuania ($21 million).
In 2021, Russia imported Rapeseed Oil worth $176 million, becoming the world’s 13th largest importer of Rapeseed Oil. In the same year, Rapeseed Oil was Russia’s 308th most imported product. Russia imports Rapeseed Oil primarily from: Belarus ($174 million), Austria ($1.03 million), Finland ($442k), Lithuania ($183k), and Estonia ($60.2k).
Other sources: BIO-CONFERENCES
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