Inner Mongolia Dominates Chinese Oat Output


Sep 23, 2022 | Agricultural Markets News

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The Oats are a traditional crop in China. Naked Oat originated in China and has more than 2100 years history in China. Chinese Oat growth area reached 1.13 million hectares in the 1960s and declined from the 1980s, dropping to about 0.3 million hectares in 2003, the lowest in history. After that, the area increased gradually. There were about 0.7 million hectares of Oats in 2010.

Oat production in China increased by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6% from the 2016/17 marketing year to the 2019/20 marketing year, while global production declined by 2%. Oat consumption in China also increased in CAGR by 7.0%, while global consumption decreased by 2% during the same period. In 2020, China’s Oats production amounted to about 510 thousand metric tons.

The main Oat-producing areas in China are Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Jilin, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Qinghai, and Gansu. There are small areas of cultivation in Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, and Tibet, of which Inner Mongolia has the largest planting area. Among them, China’s Oat production in 2021 was 600 thousand tons; Oat consumption was 950 thousand tons, a year-on-year increase of 5.6%.

Oat is a worldwide cultivated crop. But the main concentrated production areas are the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. The leading producers are Russia, Canada, the United States, Australia, Germany, Finland, and China. Among them, the global Oat harvested area in 2022 is forecast at 9,923 thousand hectares, a year-on-year increase of 4.5%; the global Oat production is forecast at 24,998 thousand metric tons, an increase of 11.1% year-on-year.

Overall, global Oat imports increased by a CAGR of 6.3%, from US$1.9 billion in 2016 to US$2.4 billion in 2020. The United States was the largest global market, with imports of Oats valued at US$604.4 million in 2020, representing a CAGR increase of 8.1% from US$443 million in 2016. Of note, China was the third largest global Oat market, with import values worth US$81.5 million in 2020, representing an increase of 5.8% in CAGR from US$65 million in 2016.

Oats Import Markets by tons (2020)

China’s Oat Trade Overview

China has a diverse supply network of Oat providers. As of 2020, China’s top three suppliers of Oats were Australia (US$67.5 million, 186,400 tons), Russia (US$8.1 million, 38,200 tons), and Canada (US$3.8 million, 5,800 tons).

For Canada export case, HS Code 100410 (raw Oat seeds for sowing) Oats led the Canada’ export to China by 5,800 tons in 2020, followed by HS Code 110422 (hulled, pearled, sliced, kibbled, or otherwise worked Oat grains (excluding rolled, flaked, pellets and flour)) with 100 tons.

China’s Oat imports are greater than its exports. Among them, China’s Oat imports in 2021 were 96,224 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 54.9%; China’s Oat exports were 98 tons, a year-on-year increase of 26.7%.

According to China Customs data, China’s Oat import value in 2021 was US$313,446,561, a year-on-year increase of 360.8%; China’s Oat export sales value was US$89,675, a year-on-year increase of 36.2%. Among them, China shipped the largest amount of Oats to Thailand, with 26 tons in 2021. China imported the largest amount of Oats to Australia, with 243,723 tons.

In July 2022, China’s Oats exports accounted for up to US$3.19k, and imports accounted for up to US$8.6 million, resulting in a negative trade balance of US$8.6 million. Between July 2021 and July 2022, the exports of China’s Oats increased by US$869 (37.4%) from US$2.32k to US$3.19k, while imports decreased by -US$2.99 million (-25.8%) from US$11.6 million to US$8.6 million.

Foe the same period, China exported Oats mainly to the United States (US$2.55k), Malaysia (US$446), and Macau (US$192), and imported mostly from Australia (US$5.6 million), Russia (US$2.7 million), Canada (US$190k), and the United States (US$53.4k).

The preparation of this article included public information such as



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