Barley Import: Egypt Prefers Argentina Than European Nations


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Sep 13, 2023 | Agricultural Markets News

Reading time: 2 minutes

Egypt’s barley trade and imports have always been crucial components of its agricultural industry. In 2023, from January to August, several key factors are shaping the dynamics of this trade. To understand the current landscape, it is essential to delve into the complexities of Egypt’s barley imports, considering both domestic and global factors that influence the market. In this article, we will analyze the factors impacting Egypt’s barley trade, emphasizing the role of Egypt as a major player in the global barley market.

Egypt’s Significance in the Barley Trade

Egypt’s demand for barley stems from its essential role in the country’s economy. Barley is primarily used as animal feed, and as the nation’s population grows, so does the demand for livestock products. Consequently, the need for barley imports remains substantial. In 2023, Egypt continues to be a key market player, making informed decisions in barley trade is critical for both local farmers and global suppliers.

In Egypt, barley is a major winter crop cultivated in old and newly reclaimed lands that suffer from a lack of irrigation, low soil fertility, and salinity of both soil and water. As Per to AgFlow data, Egypt imported 89,500 tons of feed Barley from Argentina in Jan – Aug 2023, followed by Ukraine (32,000 tons) and Romania (3,600 tons). In 2021, Egypt imported Barley worth $3.9 million, becoming the 70th largest importer of Barley in the world. At the same year, Barley was the 769th most imported product in Egypt. Egypt imported Barley primarily from Ukraine ($3.9 million).

Barley Import: Egypt Prefers Argentina Than European Nations

Global Market Dynamics

The global barley market in 2023 is marked by fluctuations in supply and demand. Factors such as weather conditions, geopolitical tensions, and shifting consumer preferences significantly impact the availability and pricing of barley. It’s essential for Egypt to stay informed about these global dynamics to ensure a steady supply of barley at competitive prices.

Challenges in 2023

  • Weather Patterns: Unpredictable weather patterns have always posed a challenge to barley cultivation worldwide. Excessive rainfall, droughts, or extreme temperatures can lead to reduced barley yields. Egypt must factor in these climate-related risks when planning its barley imports to avoid shortages.
  • Geopolitical Instability: Egypt’s strategic location in the Middle East makes it susceptible to geopolitical tensions that can disrupt barley trade routes. A stable geopolitical environment is crucial to ensuring the uninterrupted flow of barley imports.
  • Currency Fluctuations: The exchange rate of the Egyptian pound against major currencies can affect the cost of importing barley. Monitoring currency fluctuations and their impact on import costs is vital for Egypt’s economic stability.

Opportunities in 2023

  • Diversification of Suppliers: Egypt can explore opportunities to diversify its barley suppliers. Establishing trade agreements with various countries can reduce dependence on a single source and mitigate supply risks.
  • Investment in Research and Development: Investing in research and development for barley cultivation can increase domestic production, reducing the reliance on imports. Advanced farming techniques, such as precision agriculture, can optimize barley yields.
  • Promotion of Sustainable Practices: Encouraging sustainable farming practices not only ensures a stable supply of barley but also aligns with global trends towards eco-friendly agriculture. Sustainable practices can enhance Egypt’s image in the international agricultural community.


In 2023, Egypt’s barley trade and imports remain pivotal to the nation’s agricultural and economic stability. Understanding the intricate balance of factors that impact this trade is essential for making informed decisions. Egypt must address challenges like weather uncertainties, geopolitical risks, and currency fluctuations while seizing opportunities to diversify suppliers, invest in research, and promote sustainable practices. By doing so, Egypt can continue to play a vital role in the global barley market while safeguarding its own agricultural interests.

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