Turkey Corn Imports: Moldova Ranks 3rd 


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Sep 21, 2023 | Agricultural Markets News

Reading time: 2 minutes

In the realm of global agricultural commodities, corn is a staple that transcends borders, serving as a vital resource for food and industrial applications. Turkey, a nation with a rich agricultural heritage, plays a pivotal role in the global corn trade. As we delve into the intricate dynamics of Turkey’s corn trade and imports for the period from January to August 2023, we unveil a tapestry of factors, challenges, and opportunities that shape this crucial market.

The Turkish Corn Landscape

Turkey has long been a key player in the corn trade, with its own domestic production and a reliance on imports to meet growing demand. The local climate and fertile soils have allowed Turkey to cultivate corn successfully, but the demand continues to outpace supply. Turkey has looked to international markets to bridge this gap to secure its corn imports.

  • Supply and Demand Dynamics
    The year 2023 began with the global corn market experiencing fluctuations in supply due to weather-related challenges and fluctuations in production in key exporting nations. This volatility has directly impacted Turkey’s corn imports, leading to increased prices and supply uncertainties. The delicate balance between domestic production and imports remains a top concern for Turkish authorities.
  • Trade Partnerships and Agreements
    Turkey has strategically engaged in bilateral agreements and trade partnerships to secure a stable supply of corn. These agreements influence the source of imports and affect pricing and quality standards. Turkey’s choices in this regard have far-reaching implications for its agricultural sector.
  • Quality Control and Standards
    Ensuring the quality and safety of imported corn is paramount. Stringent regulations and standards set by Turkey’s agricultural authorities aim to safeguard public health while maintaining a thriving agricultural industry. The challenge lies in harmonizing these standards with those of trade partners, which can often be divergent.
  • Global Market Trends
    Keeping a pulse on global market trends is crucial. As 2023 progresses, factors such as climate change, technological advancements, and evolving dietary preferences are transforming the global corn market. Adapting to these trends is essential for Turkey’s sustained success in the corn trade.

Since Corn spread to Europe from the Ottoman Empire, it was called as “Turkish wheat” in many European languages. Corn is cultivated and consumed especially in Black Sea Region of Turkey. According to AgFlow data, Turkey imported 1 million tons of Corn from Russia in Jan – Aug 2023, followed by Ukraine (0.74 million tons), Moldova (27,443 tons), France (18,000 tons), and Romania (14,605 tons). Total imports hit 1.8 million tons in Jan – Aug 2023. Turkey was purchasing large amounts of Corn from Russia and Ukraine, such as 226,000 and 181,000 tons per month, respectively. Average shipment volume was 84,700 tons.

Turkey Corn Imports: Moldova Ranks 3rd

Challenges and Trade-offs

Navigating the corn trade waters is not without its challenges and trade-offs. Turkey’s policymakers, farmers, and traders face the delicate task of balancing domestic production with imports to meet the demands of a growing population while maintaining the profitability and sustainability of their agricultural sector.

  • Price vs. Quality
    The price of imported corn is a key consideration. Opting for cheaper sources might seem financially attractive, but it could compromise quality and safety. Striking the right balance between cost-effectiveness and product integrity is a constant dilemma.
  • Domestic Agriculture Support
    Turkey’s government has a vested interest in supporting domestic agriculture. Encouraging local corn production helps bolster the rural economy and ensure food security. However, this commitment must coexist with the need for imports to meet demand.
  • Sustainability
    The global call for sustainable agriculture challenges Turkey to evaluate the environmental impact of its corn trade. Striving for eco-friendly practices while maintaining profitability is a complex equation.


As we traverse the terrain of Turkey’s corn trade and imports for the first eight months of 2023, it becomes apparent that this is a multifaceted arena where a plethora of factors intersect. From supply and demand dynamics to international agreements and quality standards, Turkey’s corn trade is a delicate balancing act.

The challenges and trade-offs faced by Turkey’s agricultural community highlight the need for informed decision-making, flexibility, and adaptation in the ever-evolving landscape of global agricultural commodity trade. In this dynamic environment, Turkey’s success in corn trade will hinge on its ability to seize opportunities, mitigate challenges, and uphold the integrity of its agricultural sector.

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